Goiter .us
Thyroid
Goiter - A condition of an Inflamed Thyroid Gland
Historical References The Romans noted having to deal with goiter when a physician named Aurelius Celcus described what would later be known as the thyroid inflammation. At the time Celcus named it "bronchocele." The treatment prescribed for it was to remove the inflammation by cutting it out or using a burning agent. The most common chemical to use at the time was frequently acid. Unfortunately the Romans didn't yet understand the fundamental need for the thyroid gland or what would occur afterwards if the victim lived through the immediate prescribed treatment. Suffice it to say, Roman physicians were not very successful at curing goiter. The condition of goiter was first recorded as a goiter condition and not a miscellaneous problem in ancient Chinese writing of physicians working during the Tang Dynasty. During this time period of approximately 618 to 907 A.D. Chinese physicians discovered the first effective treatment for goiter using iodine. However, salt was not the actual product used. Instead, the Asian physicians carved out the thyroid of sheep or pigs and dried it out. Then the product was ground up or condensed into a pellet form to consume by a patient. The actual preparation process was first written down in 643 A.D. By the 1300 A.D. the condition of Graves' disease had been recorded; it just wasn't called that name yet by the Chinese. The symptoms that were recorded at the time with a goiter matched the condition. However, it wasn't until the 1800s that anyone began to affirmatively figure out the link between iodine and thyroid conditions. A man named Bernard Courtois was busy trying to figure out a method for substitutes in the production of gunpowder - hardly a process of curing people. However, while burning seaweed Courtois figured out how to create iodine without really understanding what he had done. It was Humphrey Davey, different chemist, who identified what Courtois had actually created. For centuries having a goiter went by a number of names and descriptions that were related to the local regions. In England, goiter went by the title of Derbyshire Neck. Goiter also wasn't limited to the flatlands. Many alpine locations far from any good salt sources saw goiter occur was well. In Switzerland and Bavaria goiter was common among villages. The condition didn't begin to decrease until the early 1900s when table salt became a common diet product available to most families. In fact, Bavarian fashion actually produced a neck choker to cover up the appearance of goiter and still look fashionable in public. Goiter continued well into the 20th century. Charles Russell, a famous cowboy singer suffered from goiter so severe it would give him dizziness and cut off his breathing ability. He had surgery to remove it, but it was found it was terminally affected by a number of other conditions such as emphysema. Modern actors and celebrities with goiter and hyperthyroid conditions that can lead to the problem include Joe Piscopo, Carl Lewis of Olympic running fame, Muhammed Ali, Rod Stewart, and even President George Bush senior and his  wife, First Lady Barbara Bush.