Goiter .us
Thyroid
Goiter - A condition of an Inflamed Thyroid Gland
Overview The condition of goiter basically involves the inflammation of the thyroid. This gland sits in the center of the neck at its lowest point where it connects to the chest. If you were to look at the gland itself, you would think it looks somewhat like a butterfly shape. Goiter was common condition in early days up until the 1940s, primarily due to missing elements in people's diet and food. Today, goiter is not very common and is predominantly found in undeveloped, third world countries. Causes and Reasons for Goiter Goiter results from not consuming enough iodine in one's diet. For Americans today this is hardly the case. In fact, the U.S. diet is probably plagued with too much iodine salt. However, in other parts of the world it is a serious problem with not having enough.  Iodine provides the thyroid gland a critical element it needs to function normally. For underdeveloped areas, those who live near the coast obtain sufficient iodine from seafood and fish which consume seawater. However, people who are in significantly land-locked regions suffer greatly from iodine deficiencies if they can't supplement their diet properly. Goiter can also develop in a person when their thyroid begins to operate incorrectly with the production of its hormones. The production can either be too much or not enough hormones; the lack of hormone production balance is the main problem. The hormones produced by the gland include two that are involved with regulating metabolism in the body. These are thyroxine and also triiodothyronine. The additional benefits of the thyroid hormones also help with the consumption of energy foods such as carbohydrates and proteins such as fats. Finally, these same hormones also help keep the body warm enough to stay healthy along with protein production for internal consumption. A third hormone also gets produced by the thyroid which is calcitonin which also helps with managing calcium in the body. A third condition that causes goiter comes in the form of Grave's disease. This condition occurs when the thyroid can't control its hormone production. Otherwise known as hyperthyroidism, the thyroid pumps out an overproduction of hormones and won't stop, flooding the body with triggers that cause related problems in other body systems such as the heart, metabolism, temperature regulation, and more. The imbalance occurs because the body's antibodies have begun to attack the thyroid gland itself, triggering an output of thyroxine well beyond normal levels. An opposite version of the disease is known as Hashimoto's disease. This condition works in the opposite direction with hypothyroidism and the gland producing far insufficient levels of necessary hormones. With the thyroid balance completely off and underserving, the pituitary gland kicks into overdrive to jumpstart the thyroid back again. This in turn causes inflammation of the thyroid.
Throat examination